It is non a vote for stability. This verdict is for dal-roti.
In May 2004, an angry rural protestation vote had driven out an arrogant Shining Republic of Republic of India brigade. Five years later, inwards 2009, rural anger seems to lead maintain mellowed down. Probably for the starting fourth dimension time, dal-roti has taken precedence over the competitive caste calculus. The rural pitiful sure enough voted for those who gave them their daily bread. Political stability at the national bird was non on their minds, it never was.
It is also non a vote for reforms. In fact, if the Congress is dorsum inwards saddle it is despite the reforms. Corporate India’s excitement at the verdict is obvious, but if the Congress gets swayed yesteryear a corporate-controlled media which continues to chant the reform mantra 24-hour interval as well as night, it volition script its ain demise.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 twelvemonth back, Rs 60,000-crore farm loan waiver was announced inwards Budget 2008. The loan waiver was afterward raised to Rs 71,000-crore. Before the loan waiver came, the UPA had already launched the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. Promising to provide a guaranteed work for at to the lowest degree 100 days inwards a twelvemonth to an adult fellow member of whatever rural household, it was launched on February 2, 2006 inwards 200 districts. In Apr 2008, at the insistence of Rahul Gandhi, the NREGS was expanded to encompass the entire country.
Reports of corruption as well as misuse notwithstanding, the NREGS has sure enough changed the economical profile of the landless workers. Ever since the system was launched, daily wage of workers lead maintain at to the lowest degree doubled. In Bihar, from Rs 50-60 inwards 2007, the daily reward lead maintain right away gone upwards to Rs 120-130 inwards 2009; inwards Andhra Pradesh, from Rs 70-80 to Rs 140-150; inwards Maharashtra, from Rs 65-75 to Rs 150-180 as well as inwards Gujarat, from Rs 70-85 to Rs 150-160.
Both the NREGS as good as the farm loan waiver were strongly opposed yesteryear neoliberal economists. It is good known that the Planning Commission as well as the Ministry of Rural Development had initially opposed the launch of NREGS. Later, the World Bank opposed it proverb that the NREGS genuinely created barrier for complimentary motility of labour.
The third, as well as an as of import determination that has weighed heavily inwards favour of the ruling UPA is the quantum restrain inwards the procurement cost of wheat, rice, cotton, as well as also inwards some other crops similar sugarcane, soybean, tur as well as arhar. It genuinely is a pregnant hike, unprecedented since the days of the Green Revolution. In the yesteryear iii years, wheat procurement prices lead maintain risen yesteryear a whopping 69 per cent, whereas that of rice yesteryear 61 per cent. Cotton prices lead maintain been raised yesteryear fifty per cent, from Rs 2050 a quital inwards 2008 to Rs 3000 a quintal inwards 2009.
During the NDA regime, procurement prices had remained to a greater extent than or less stangnant.
With wheat prices rising yesteryear merely about Rs 300 a quintal inwards a bridge of 2-3 years, Punjab as well as Haryana farmers had plenty reasons to cheer. In Uttar Pradesh, media reports highlighted the distress sale of wheat inwards the absence of regulated mandis. Wheat farmers had to accept their arrive at to neighbouring Haryana as well as Madhya Pradesh to realise the procurement cost of Rs 1080 a quintal. If only the State authorities had stepped inwards at the correct time, likely Mayawati’s electoral fortunes would lead maintain been a piffling brighter.
In Bihar, Nitish Kumar non only streamlined the police as well as guild mechanism but also focused on programmes similar NREGS, Mid-Day meal, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Bihar voted for an able administrator as well as non for national stability. West Bengal also uprooted the Corporate driven industrial salvation. By voting for Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress, West Bengal has given a clear verdict against dry ground acquisitions inwards the call of development. Again, Nandigram as well as Singur became a symbol of the Corporate efforts to snatch dal-roti from the poor, as well as the people resisted. The underlying message is crystal clear: dry ground is the only economical safety for the pitiful millions.
In Andhra Pradesh, Y due south Rajasekhara Reddy could experience the pulse of the masses, as well as prepared himself accordingly. Rs 2 kg rice for the poor, wellness insurance through the Argoaysri system nether which the pitiful tin larn surgeries upto Rs 2 lakh free, Indiramma houses for the pitiful as well as the old-age pension system lead maintain paid him rich dividends. At least, 1.85 crore families living below poverty describe of piece of work gained from the Rs 2 kg rice system alone.
In addition, YSR has made heavy investments inwards irrigation projects, non all of which tin hold out justified, but withal has generated promise for the farming community. Free mightiness to farmers definitely proved to hold out the clincher amongst the rural masses.
In Madhya Pradesh as well as Chhatisgarh, the BJP rode dorsum to mightiness final Dec yesteryear promising Rs 2/kg rice for BPL families. Chhatisgarh’s existing Rs 3/kg rice system which benefits 3.7 ane K 1000 BPL families is create to hold out converted to Rs 2/kg system on the lines of Madhya Pradesh. In Orissa, Navin Patnaik also picked upwards as well as launched a Rs 2/kg rice system for the pitiful benefiting 55.79 lakh families. In these iii States, the poverty-stricken beneficiaries of the laudable nutrient safety system sure enough had reasons to vote for the ruling parties inwards the State rather than aim at national stability.
Besides making available inexpensive rice, MP government’s pop ‘Ladli’ system wherein the authorities makes deposits inwards the banking concern accounts of every daughter tiddler aid schoolhouse has also been able to woo voters. Under this scheme, the province authorities buys savings certificates of Rs 6,000 each twelvemonth for 5 consecutive years for every daughter born into a family. The daughter gets Rs 2,000 after she completes the 5th standard, some other Rs 4,000 after she completes the 8th standard, Rs 7,500 after she completes the 10th standard, Rs 200 a calendar month inwards her eleventh standard, as well as a lump pith amount of Rs 1,18,000 after she enters the 12th standard, or, alternatively, attains the historic menses of eighteen years.
In Tamil Nadu, media reports order that inwards the sew to the 2006 assembly elections, the DMK had announced complimentary colouring televisions; rice at Rs.2 per kg (once inwards mightiness this was reduced to Re.1 a kg); 2 acres of dry ground for the landless; complimentary gas stoves as well as Rs.300 cash doles for the unemployed; motherhood assistance of Rs.1,000 for all pitiful women for half dozen months; as good as complimentary mightiness to weavers. Subsequently, inwards 2009-10 budget, Tamil Nadu has allocated Rs.2.79 billion for provide of complimentary mightiness to farmers as well as Rs.12.51 billion towards complimentary electricity connections to huts as well as places of worship as well as subsidised connections for homes as well as local bodies; Rs.5 billion for complimentary distribution of 2.5 ane K 1000 colouring TV sets as well as Rs.1.4 billion for complimentary gas stoves as well as connections.
The voters inwards Tamil Nadu sure enough preferred DMK over national stability. By as well as large y’all volition honor that the verdict is clearly inwards favour of the ruling parties that provided to a greater extent than income as well as nutrient inwards the hands of the poor. Providing pitiful amongst life-saving support, whether inwards the degree of nutrient or transfer of cash, is also an economical stimulus. Call it ‘populist’ or ‘electoral compulsion’, in that location is no other fashion to ensure inclusive growth. #