This is shocking indeed. In India, spell the Ministry of Agriculture works inward tandem amongst the chemical in addition to pesticides manufacture to promote hazardous pesticides inward the refer of nutrient security, Thailand has gone a pace further. It has actually classified some (formulations) of the well known plant species amongst insect repelling properties every bit “hazardous”.
Only the other day, I had talked close the virtues of neem tree inward controlling insect pests in addition to diseases. In my spider web log Renewed involvement inward wonder tree: harnessing neem (Jan 29, 2009), I had detailed out how inward the adjacent 5 years the global merchandise inward neem products for pest control, medicines, pharmaceuticals, toiletries is expected to grow to the U.S. $ 500 million. In fact, the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) has launched a nationwide projection on the production in addition to advertisement of neem based pesticides.
Why I am telling you lot this, is because neem is right away listed amid the ‘hazardous meat type 1″ inward Thailand. The listing includes thirteen plants inward this category, in addition to neem is non the alone wonder tree that has been surruptiously brought nether this category. Two other plants — turmeric in addition to ginger — which formed component of your grandmothers’s recipe for some of the usually occuring ailments are too classified every bit “hazardous”. The listing of such “hazardous” substances includes: neem, turmeric, ginger, citronella grass, Chinese ginger, Chinese celery, African marigold, Siam weed in addition to chilli.
I am non alone shocked but experience outraged. How tin the pesticides manufacture hold out allowed to challenge my grandmother’s wisdom that has been passed from generations to generations? Is this the compass to which the governments accept come upward downwards to? That they are willing to gain everything in addition to anything (howsoever absurd it powerfulness be) for the sake of commercial interests of the pesticides industry?
Turmeric in addition to ginger shape component of our daily diet. Both these plants, inward add-on to neem, are also used yesteryear farmers all over the solid reason inward dissimilar formulations to command pests in addition to diseases. I concord that at that topographic point may hold out some problems inward standardisation of the techniques inward manufacturing herbal products made from these constitute species, but to form them every bit ‘hazardous’ is a loud alarm about the shape of things to come. In the refer of standards, which should adapt to industry prescription, the objective is to sully the refer of herbal formulations in addition to yesteryear doing in addition to then the Ministry of Agriculture truly protects the commercial interests of the pesticides companies.
That is what they are paid for. Let at that topographic point hold out no dubiousness close it. And if you lot mean value the malaise is alone confined to Thailand, mean value again. The Ministry of Agriculture inward Republic of Republic of India is no different.
Thailand’s Department of Agriculture, similar that inward India, does non know close these herbal formulations in addition to has never promoted them. All it does is to promote the chemic pesticides. In India, you lot volition hold out surprised to larn that inward a recent workshop inward Hyderabad, the Ministry of Agriculture was in addition to then perturbed when some NGOs in addition to agricultural scientists called for stopping the occupation of weedicides inward rice (in the lite of the underlying principles of SRI technique inward rice), that an apology has been sought for ‘commenting against government’.
Here is a newsreport from the pages of The Nation, Bangkok.
Govt called to cancel rules listing herbs every bit hazardous
BANGKOK: — Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 grouping of organic farmers in addition to option agricultural activists accept called on the authorities to cancel regulations listing thirteen herbal plants every bit hazardous substances, maxim they would destroy local maiden inward using the plants every bit option pesticides inward identify of chemicals.
The grouping too asked the authorities to take this legislation – an Industry Ministerial regulation in addition to a Draft of Agricultural Ministerial regulation – inside thirty days.
If at that topographic point was no answer from the authorities they would assemble at Government House to submit their petition in addition to clit per unit of measurement area Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, said the group’s leader, Thai Health Foundation’s director, Veerapong Kriangsinyot.
The Industry Ministry – aiming to command pesticide production in addition to commercialisation – announced its novel regulation on Feb 3, listing the thirteen plants every bit “hazardous substances type 1” nether the 1992 Hazardous Substances Act.
The plants are: neem, citronella grass, tumeric, ginger, Chinese ginger, African marigold, Siam weed or bitter bush, tea seed cake, chilli, Chinese celery, ringworn bush, glory lily in addition to stemona.
They are widely used amid farmers every bit alternatives for expensive in addition to toxic farm chemicals, pesticides in addition to herbicides.
Meanwhile, the Department of Agriculture, a fellow member of the hazardous substances committee, has proposed the novel draft requiring growers, manufacturers, importers in addition to exporters of pesticides made from the thirteen herbal plants to adapt to the Department of Agriculture in addition to follow security in addition to character command regulations issued yesteryear the committee. Law violators volition expression upward half dozen months inward jail in addition to a fine of 50,000 baht.
A 44 year-old organic farmer from Suphan Buri province, Sumalee Tanyachareon said the regulation has made her life to a greater extent than difficult. She must inform the agricultural component that she cultivates some of the thirteen herbal plants in addition to produces them every bit a pesticide.
“The regulation would hold out an obstruction in addition to a burden for farmers instead of promoting organic farming,” she said.
Sumalee previously used chemic pesticides to kill insects inward her rice farms. Now she uses herbal pesticide, later learning it is cheaper in addition to safer than chemic pesticide.
She said regardless of whether the regulation is withdrawn or not, she volition travel on to occupation home-made herbal pesticide every bit it cuts costs on her rice farms.
Department of Agriculture’s manager general, Somchai Chanarong insisted the novel regulation in addition to the draft would non behavior upon the occupation of herbal plants inward the country. Growers or manufacturers were required alone to inform agricultural agencies when they produced herbal pesticide for commercialisation.
” We desire to protect the consumer from person who would cheat them in addition to sell faked products,” he said.
Department of Industrial Works’ manager general, Rachada Singkalwanich said the annunciation of the manufacture ministerial regulation followed a proposal from the Department of Agriculture.
” The Department of Agriculture proposed this regulation because it was receiving a lot of complaints from organic farmers in addition to the subdivision had no regulations to command the misuse of herbal pesticides. “
The Department of Agriculture would describe upward a guideline for relevant agencies on the nature of the herbal plants. If the Department of Agriculture had such a regulation, the Department of Industrial Works would take the thirteen herbal plants from the hazardous substances list.
Meanwhile, the Public Health Deputy Minister, Manit Nopamorbodhi said he would hash out amongst the Industry Minister how to aid people sympathize to a greater extent than close the purpose of the thirteen herbal plants inward daily lives.
In the close future, he said he would enquire the Department for Development of Thai Traditional in addition to Alternative Medicine to gain a logo every bit a security alarm display for herbal products sold inward the market.
The Department for Development of Thai Traditional in addition to Alternative Medicine’s manager general, Dr Nara Nakwattananukul said at that topographic point was misunderstanding close the implementation of the manufacture ministerial regulation to listing the thirteen herbal constitute every bit hazardous substances.
Under the regulation, farmers are allowed to occupation herbal plants every bit medicine. They gain non accept to register amongst the Department of Agriculture if they accept small-scale herbal plantations.
The subdivision volition organise a coming together which invite related agencies to hash out over this effect on this Friday.
Source: The Nation 2009-02-12