Sometime dorsum I accompanied Mr M P Prakash, the onetime deputy principal government minister of Karnataka, on a see to Hospet inward Bellary district, the epicentre of environmental devastation accruing from heavy mining activity. It is a ghastly sight, in addition to I promise ane twenty-four hours the Chief Justice of Republic of Republic of India travels to run into the permanent scar that has literally been drilled yesteryear the Reddy brothers in addition to the tribe.
The Supreme Court had lately allowed Reddy brothers to restart operations.
Travel to Orissa in addition to Chhatisgarh, legal in addition to illegal mining goes on unchecked for the command of India’s massive natural wealth. So much in addition to thence that the Central equally good equally the State governments are fifty-fifty reluctant to tell the field equally to how many MoUs take away keep been signed, in addition to are operating. Add to it, the massive solid ground acquisitions inward the holler of industrial development, the devastation of the fertile landscape rightly earns the epithet Rape in addition to Run.
Since the mining areas autumn inward the tribal belts, the anger built over hundreds of years of exploitation (mining is the latest aggression), is beingness expressed through the ascent of naxalism. As a written report inward The Hindustan Times (May 16, 2010) tells us, Rs 1,28,000-crore was the total output of the country’s mining manufacture inward 2009-10. This is of class the official figure, nosotros all know the extent of illegal mining goes much beyond. The royalty that the States earned was a mere Rs 2,000 crore, which doubled terminal yr because of the advertising valorem duty introduced 2 years ago.
The people who alive inward the areas containing the mineral wealth take away keep been farther pauperized. The royalty that the State’s earn, which inward whatever illustration is pittance, has never benefitted them. I am told the novel Mines in addition to Minerals Bill provides for 26 per cent of profits from mining to hold upward given to locals in addition to also at that topographic point is a provision to brand them stakeholders. This is sure enough improve than before, but I would take away keep thought that the Anwarul Hooda committee, which made these suggestions, should take away keep provided for 50 per cent profits to hold upward shared amongst locals.
I am aware that the mining manufacture volition non accept it lying down. They volition oppose it molar in addition to nail, in addition to amongst 300 crorepatis inward parliament, their struggle becomes a piffling easier.
When it comes to charging royalty, equally the seed manufacture does, the heaven is the limit. But when the mining companies are asked to pay royalty, they avoid in addition to dither. While the royalty from mining was barely Rs xix a tonne of high-grade atomic release 26 that sold for thousands of rupees, the seed manufacture initially charged a whopping 300 per cent royalty (called equally ‘technology fee’) for Bt cotton wool seeds. Either way, the manufacture knows how to extract its pound of flesh.
Anyway, mining is a dependent area on which many a bloody battles take away keep been (and decease on to be) fought. I describe your attending to The Hindustan Times article below:
Mine or Yours?
The Hindustan Times, May 16, 2010
Loot in addition to Run: The battle rages for the command of India’s massive mineral wealth. We accept stock of the strategies of its fundamental players: the politicians, mining cos, in addition to the Maoists
The the world seems to take away keep opened upward nether the government’s feet. One of the oldest industries known to mankind — mining — has of a precipitous emerged equally the deepest pit of scams inward India. There are allegations cropping upward from virtually every mining state, in addition to the figures allegedly plundered add together upward to the biggest scam inward the country.
The electrical current crop of scams started hitting the headlines terminal year. Former principal government minister of Jharkhand, Madhu Koda, was defendant of stashing away Rs 4,000 crore garnered through mining scams.
From Orissa, Rabi Das, convenor of civil lodge grouping January Sammelani, petitioned the Supreme Court that minerals such equally atomic release 26 ore, coal in addition to manganese worth to a greater extent than than Rs 7,000 crore were beingness smuggled out of the province every year. On March 17, Karnataka’s leader of opposition, Siddaramaiah, alleged illegal mining losses to the province totalling Rs 5,000 crore.
The Union ministry building of mines position a value of a mere Rs 64 crore equally the amount lost to illegal mining inward the kickoff one-half of the previous fiscal yr (April-September 2009).
But the total allegations made inward courtroom or on the floors of province assemblies tot upward to to a greater extent than than Rs 20,000 crore — higher than the allotment proposed inward the electrical current Union budget for the country’s route carry system.
How does an manufacture that contributes less than 2 per cent of the national economical output work concern human relationship for its largest scam?
The blame game
The response lies inward outdated policies in addition to the fact that mining remains ane of the principal ‘real estates’ that regime tin flame paw out. The dissimilarities amongst other like industries — telecom in addition to crude oil in addition to gas, where the regime gives out spectrum in addition to prospecting solid ground — are likely because of the kickoff reason.
Telecom government minister Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 Raja has been defendant of ‘forgoing’ Rs 10,000-100,000 crore patch handing out spectrum. The mud-slingers said he could take away keep priced it differently. But if a like calculation is done for mining, yesteryear the government’s ain admission, the ‘loss’ would take away keep come upward to Rs 2,000 crore a year.
Here’s how the figure tin flame hold upward calculated. The amount the mining states made terminal yr from the advertising valorem duty of 10 per cent on roughly minerals introduced inward August 2009 was Rs 4,000 crore. Before that, the outdated royalty arrangement — nether which a miner paid a fixed royalty, such equally Rs xix a tonne of high-grade atomic release 26 ore that has been selling for thousands of rupees — fetched one-half the amount for the states annually.
Still, it’s a fraction of the coin allegedly lost to illegal mining.
The work is intense inward Goa, a microcosm of the problems besetting an manufacture that’s governed yesteryear states.
Read the total article at: http://www.hindustantimes.com/News-Feed/india/Mine-or-yours/Article1-544184.aspx