You would retrieve a few days dorsum nosotros had talked almost the Farmers manifesto. I am straight off bringing the 2d component subdivision of the manifesto earlier you. This deals specifically equally to what should the authorities attain or inwards other words what attain nosotros await the authorities to do.
It suggests a three-pronged approach. The most of import beingness to laid upwards an Income Commission for farmers. It is straight off beingness increasingly realised that in that location is no agency other than to supply direct income back upwards to farmers to plow farming into an economically feasible enterprise. After all, farmers attain economical wealth for the country. It is fourth dimension the state compensate them adequately. This is a small-scale cost that the state must pay for the nutrient security that farmers lead hold ensured for this country. The people who attain nutrient for the province cannot hold upwards allowed to locomote to bed hungry. They are the annadata
I don’t desire to repeat what is in that location inwards the manifesto. Here is the 2d part:
What should the authorities do?
§ The authorities should articulate a clear vision for sustaining agriculture in addition to agriculture-based livelihoods. The stated finish should hold upwards to brand farming feasible for small, marginal in addition to medium farmers. This should signify a clear deviation from the thinking of Vision 2020, whose premise was that to a greater extent than than one-half of the farmers should displace out of agriculture.
§ H5N1 three-pronged approach should hold upwards taken to realize such a vision.
A. Ensuring sustainable income in addition to livelihood security for all farmers: So far, the authorities back upwards to agricultural sector has been mainly through input in addition to output subsidies, in addition to cost back upwards mechanisms. Experience shows that production (agricultural) prices lone cannot encounter the income needs of the farmers peculiarly small-scale in addition to marginal. The authorities policies should hold upwards designed explicitly to ensure a living income for all farmers. Options such equally direct income back upwards to farmers should hold upwards availed of, inwards improver to proper implementation of the existing mechanisms similar cost support.
B. Proactive advertisement of sustainable agriculture practices: H5N1 major campaign of the extreme distress alongside small-scale in addition to medium farmers is that agriculture has locomote a high-stakes lead a opportunity due to dependence on costly inputs. Overuse of chemic fertilizers in addition to pesticides has equally good resulted inwards salinization, loss of reason fertility, pest immunity in addition to harm to ecology in addition to health. Therefore sustainable agriculture approaches such equally organic farming in addition to non-pesticidal administration should hold upwards seen equally a solution to both the economical in addition to ecological crisis inwards agriculture. This is equally good an imperative of the era of climate alter that nosotros are experiencing.
C. Recasting Support Systems in addition to Organizing in addition to strengthening farmers’ collectives: Farmers’ collectives tin laissez passer the axe hold upwards organized at a similar scale in addition to inwards a similar vogue equally women’s thrift groups lead hold been organized inwards the state. The farmers’ collectives would help inwards to a greater extent than planned tillage at hamlet level, ameliorate organized storage in addition to marketing, in addition to implement measures to retain to a greater extent than profits with the farmers rather than the middlemen.
What follows is a to a greater extent than detailed joint of these demands.
A. Ensuring sustainable income in addition to livelihood security all farmers:As the National Commission on Farmers has stated the primary finish should hold upwards to improve the economical viability of farming past times ensuring that farmers earn a “minimum internet income”, in addition to ensure that agricultural progress is measured, past times the advance made inwards improving that income. The authorities should appoint an Income Commission for Farmers equally a statutory torso which examines the existent income of farmers every yr across the state. The Commission in addition to hence comes upwards with specific recommendations to ensure that farmer families are assured a minimum income. To attain this, the Commission should exercise a multi-component approach which includes:
1) Remunerative prices for agricultural produce: The prices for agricultural commodities should hold upwards based on the existent cost of production in addition to linked positively with inflation. The electrical flow MSP decision does non ensure remunerative income to farmers, unless an explicit policy is adopted such equally (C2 Cost of production + at to the lowest degree 50% equally profit) equally recommended past times the National Farmers’ Commission. The decision of back upwards cost should hold upwards done transparently at the province floor in addition to recommended to the CACP. The MSPs should hold upwards announced earlier the crop flavor begins.
Most importantly, the announced prices (MSP etc) should hold upwards properly implemented past times timely intervention in addition to procurement past times the government. The authorities should laid upwards a state-level Agricultural Costs in addition to Prices Commission in addition to Price stabilization fund which enables such intervention.
2) Labor wage back upwards for all agricultural operations: Today nosotros are inwards a ironic province of affairs where agriculture workers are unable teach job in addition to farmers are unable to afford agriculture workers due to increasing costs of living. The authorities should supply input subsidy inwards the degree of undertaking reward (up to 100 days inwards a calendar year) to the farmer to monetize the exercise of identify unit of measurement undertaking or to pay external undertaking engaged on the farm. This should include all agricultural operations from sowing to harvesting. This tin laissez passer the axe hold upwards operationalized on similar lines equally NREGS, or past times suitably increasing the release of days covered nether NREGS in addition to extending it to agricultural work. This volition equally good supply additional help to the agriculture workers inwards the villages.
3) Increased rural job opportunities: By systematically promoting post-harvest operations in addition to value improver enterprises at the hamlet level, the internet income of farmers tin laissez passer the axe hold upwards direct increased. By promoting agriculture-centered small-scale scale rural industry, the rural economic scheme tin laissez passer the axe hold upwards given a big boost, correcting the rural-urban imbalance in addition to migration.
4) Direct Income Support: Even if the inwards a higher identify measures are all implemented properly, analysis shows that farmers would notwithstanding non teach a living income. For the Income Commission to ensure the target income to each agricultural family, it is essential to supply direct cash payment to brand upwards for the shortfall.
This should hold upwards inwards the degree of a fixed amount per family, given to all cultivators including tenant farmers. This direct cash support, together with other measures, should ensure that every agricultural identify unit of measurement tin laissez passer the axe hold fair living standard. This could hold upwards laid at Rs.15000 per identify unit of measurement in addition to revised every yr past times the Commission. Direct income back upwards is dealt with inwards to a greater extent than particular inwards Annexure 1.
5) Improving social security measures: Provide social security measures similar pension, insurance etc for farmers in addition to agriculture workers.
B. Promotion of sustainable agriculture/ecological farming
Most of the authorities intervention in addition to back upwards equally component subdivision of the Green Revolution has gone to farmers practicing high-input chemic agriculture. We are straight off seeing the consequences of indiscriminate advertisement of chemic farming, both from an economical in addition to environmental betoken of view. For small-scale in addition to marginal farmers inwards many parts of India, low-input sustainable agriculture methods lead hold been shown to laissez passer ameliorate income security in addition to nutrient security, in addition to equally good improved reason fertility.
Government should promote sustainable agriculture to maximise the local resources exercise in addition to supply back upwards to the farmers. Farmers adopting organic/ecological farming should equally good have fiscal back upwards from the govt for their ain input use
restrictions on the agrochemicals banned globe over
Ban on GM crops till their biosafety is proven beyond doubt.
50 % of the query investments inwards agriculture institutions should hold upwards earmarked to organic farming
50 % of the demonstrations past times subdivision of agriculture should hold upwards on organic farming
public institutions similar APSSDC should hold upwards revived in addition to decentralised with transparent functioning in addition to accountable to farming community
Farmers preparation centres should hold upwards equipped to run courses on organic farming in addition to experienced farmers should hold upwards used equally the resources persons
C. Organizing in addition to empowering farmers’ collectives
Organized communities lead hold proven to hold upwards to a greater extent than effective inwards planning in addition to managing their resources in addition to livelihoods, lobbying for a policy alter in addition to securing their entitlements. Appropriate institutional systems for each of the purposes bespeak hold upwards established.
o Planning in addition to managing their resources in addition to livelihoods
o Capacity building, sharing noesis etc
o For delivering fiscal back upwards instruments similar subsidies, loans etc
o Marketing operations in addition to increasing collective bargaining power
o Creating value improver in addition to processing infrastructure at hamlet level
(to hold upwards continued)