What began equally a pocket-sized initiatory to a greater extent than or less half dozen years dorsum inwards a non-descript hamlet inwards Khamam district, has straight off spread to over twenty lakh acres inwards 21 districts of Andhra Pradesh. I holler upwards when I get-go talked almost the miracle brought almost inwards hamlet Pannukula inwards Andhra Pradesh, many idea I was precisely trying to romanticise agriculture. How farming tin strength out hold upwards done without the role of chemic pesticides, I was repeatedly asked.
Pannukula dug out a lonely furrow, but eventually blazed a trail. In the side past times side iv years, to a greater extent than than 318,000 farmers inwards 21 out of the 23 districts of Andhra Pradesh accept discarded the intensive chemic farming systems, in addition to shifted to a to a greater extent than sustainable, economically feasible in addition to ecologically friendly agriculture. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 soundless revolution is inwards the offing. In Kharif 2009, to a greater extent than or less fourteen lakh acres was covered amongst what is straight off known equally Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA).
As I write this inwards the get-go calendar week of Jan 2010, the surface area had expanded to twenty lakh acres of 21 districts. Six lakh acres increment inwards a farming arrangement that does non role chemic pesticides, in addition to is also phasing out chemic fertiliser, that likewise inwards affair of few months, is a tape of sorts. And all this has happened without whatsoever force from the authorities agencies in addition to the mortal sector. I encounter no argue why this environmentally safe, in addition to a farmer-friendly arrangement of sustainable agriculture, cannot embrace 200 ane thou m acres across the the world inwards to a greater extent than or less other 10 years or then if the authorities gets serious.
Six lakh acres increment inwards a farming arrangement that does non role chemic pesticides, in addition to is also phasing out chemic fertiliser, that likewise inwards affair of few months, is a tape of sorts. Ten years from now, inwards 2020, when nosotros attempt to await back, Indian agriculture tin strength out hold upwards transformed into a salubrious in addition to vibrant arrangement where farmer suicides accept been relegated to history, where distress in addition to despondency has been replaced past times the lost pride inwards farming, in addition to where agriculture becomes sustainable inwards the long run in addition to does non lawsuit inwards climate change.
What began equally an experiment to evolve a farming arrangement without the application of chemic pesticides is straight off also phasing out the role of chemic fertilisers. It uses a mixture of scientific proven technologies, indigenous cognition in addition to traditional wisdom. Farmers are replacing chemic fertilisers in addition to pesticides amongst microbial formulations, intensive role of composting techniques, vermi-composting, in addition to apply bio-fertilisers, in addition to role bio-extracts for controlling pests.
It thus brought inwards a consummate shift from conventional agriculture in addition to offered secure in addition to stable livelihoods. The crop yields accept remained the same, the pest assault has drastically reduced, in addition to the soil is returning dorsum to its natural fertility levels. As soil fertility improves over the years, crop yields accept started going upwards nevertheless further. More importantly, farmer’s expenditure on wellness problems emanating from pesticides application has also gone downwards past times xl per cent on an average.
There is to a greater extent than coin straight off inwards the hands of the farmers. The damage of tillage per acre has also come upwards downwards past times 33 per cent. Take the representative of cotton, a CMSA farmer saves to a greater extent than than Rs 12,500 per hectare inwards a yr on concern human relationship of no application of pesticides alone. With his crop productivity remaining stable, cotton fiber farmers accept got a novel lease of life. The environs likewise has move healthier in addition to safe.
Normally, 56 per cent of the damage of cotton fiber tillage is primarily on concern human relationship of pesticides. And don’t forget, elsewhere inwards the State in addition to for that affair inwards the country, lxx per cent of the farmers who are committing suicide are engaged inwards cotton fiber cultivation. No farmer has committed suicide inwards the areas where non-pesticides management arrangement of farming is beingness followed.
More coin inwards the hands of farmers agency less debt. I haven’t seen whatsoever other hamlet inwards the the world inwards past times 3 decades of my run inwards agriculture, which has been able to recover its entire mortgaged the world from the coin lenders inwards precisely 3 years of adopting non-pesticides management. This happened inwards hamlet Ramachandrapuram inwards Khamam district where all 75 farmers accept fifty-fifty paid dorsum the outstanding charge per unit of measurement of interest.
Studies inwards 5 districts demo that out of the 467 families that had mortgaged their land, at to the lowest degree 386 accept recovered it inwards ii years time.
This is a roadmap for the hereafter of Indian agriculture, in addition to for that global agriculture. It non only provides a sustainable path, amongst a really depression carbon footprint, in addition to has tremendous potential to withdraw poverty in addition to hunger. It has been conclusively demonstrated that solid nutrient safety has improved amongst a xl per cent drib inwards the buy of nutrient from the market. The crop yields accept gone up, in addition to farmers are straight off able to cultivate ii crops inwards a year. This is the Zero Hunger model that I usually speak almost which needs to hold upwards adopted nether the proposed National Food Security Act.
Women in addition to farmer Self Help Groups’ play a critical business office inwards CMSA. Savings accept increased, in addition to a federation of 850,675 self-help groups straight off involves 10 ane thou m women from the wretched households. This federation straight off holds a corpus of U.S.A. $ 1.5 billion providing a parcel of economical services. No wonder, sustainable agriculture without external inputs tin strength out revolutionise the rural landscape, where hunger in addition to poverty becomes history.